1a)-Manufacturing industries creates employment thereby reduces the rate of employment
– Manufacturing industries helps underdeveloped countries to enjoy a favorable balance of trade with their trading partners: As a country exports manufactured goods, it earns foreign exchange
– Manufacturing industries helps developing countries to diversify their economy : Most of these countries rely heavily on agriculture Alone. Some rely on main mineral Alone for example Nigeria relies very heavily on oil
– Making relevant products: manufacturing industries in-tropical Africa create an environment where the products created for it populace are made with a proper understanding of their needs.
– Job creation: With vast youth unemployment in the tropical Africa , manufacturing is one of the only sectors next to agriculture that can create a significant amount of jobs for the currently unemployed in these areas.
– Participation in the global economy:
Unlike other countries that have strong manufacturing
sectors, tropical Africa countries is limited in its participation in the global economy.
-it is mostly practiced by peasant farmers.
-It involves a small area of land.
-It involves the use of local tools eg hoe, cutlass etc.
-it increases yield
Owing to the use of a large area of land, there is an increase in farm yield.
-Production of cheap products
As a result of mass production, the sale prices of products are usually very low and affordable.
-Provision of quality products
A lot of skill and time is given to the production of the crops and animals, so there are usually of higher quality.
-specialization of labour
Commercial agriculture leads to specialization of labour because all operations are mechanized.
-Use of small farmlands
Small farmlands results in small yield.
-No surplus for sale
-Pests and disease are not controlled
[06/04, 10:54] +234 903 517 2876: (5a)
(i)It leads to provision of social ammenities
(ii)It leads to inventions and innovations due to
competition among industries
(iii)It leads to development of oganised market
eg cooperative societies
(iv)It leads to attraction of subsidiary industries
(i)The turn over of large scale manufacturing
industries is heavy
(ii)Large scale manufacturing industries
employ more people
(iii)Large scale manufacturing industries render
social services more than small scale
Plan and outlook
Presence of mineral. resources.
Rich fertile soil.
Improve medical facilities
-Pressure on natural resources
-increase in crime wave
-inadequate health service
-development of slums and ghettos
6a) DRAW THE MAP
Coal is mined by the adit method whereby tunnels are driven in to the hillsides to reach the coal layers which are called seams.
Coal deposits are also known to exist in the middle bely especially Benue State
(6c)- Loss of farmland; Mining has led to the destruction of farmlands especially among the oil-producing communities of the Niger Delta.
-Depletion of reserves; Mineral is a kind of nonrenewable resources. Several of them are already being depleted after a long period of exploitation
– Over dependence; The country depends too much on minerals, especially oil. Other sectors are being neglected as a result. If anything bad happens to the oil,Nigeria will face a big problem
-Mining hazards; Mining has its own risks e.g drilling oil in the swampy mosquito infested delta region and right at sea in offshore locations